Shipping Glossary
COMMON SHIPPING TERMS
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Damaged Cargo Report
  Written statement concerning established damages to cargo and/or equipment.
   
Dangerous Goods
  Goods are to be considered dangerous if the transport of such goods might cause harm, risk, peril, or other evil to people, environment, equipment or any property whatsoever.
   
Dangerous Goods Declaration
  Document issued by a consignor in accordance with applicable conventions or regulations, describing hazardous goods or materials for transport purposes, and stating that the latter have been packed and labelled in accordance with the provisions of the relevant conventions or regulations.
   
Dangerous Goods Packing Certificate
  A document as part of the dangerous goods declaration in which the responsible party declares that the cargo has been stowed in accordance with the rules in a clean container in compliance with the IMDG regulations and properly secured.
   
Date Draft
  A draft that matures in a specified number of days after issuance without regard to date of acceptance.
   
DAF (Delivered at Frontier)
  Delivered At Frontier (DAF) The seller (exporter) is responsible for all costs involved in delivering the goods to the named point and place at the frontier. Risk of loss transfers at the frontier. The buyer must pay the costs and bear the risk of unloading the goods, clearing Customs, and transporting the goods to the final destination. If FOB is the Customs valuation basis, the international insurance and freight costs must be deducted from the DAF price.
   
DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid)
  The seller (exporter) is responsible for all costs involved in delivering the goods to a named place of destination where the goods are placed at the disposal of the buyer. The buyer (importer) assumes risk of loss at that point and must clear Customs and pay duties and provide inland transportation & insurance to the final destination.
   
DDP (Delivered Duty Paid)
  The seller (exporter) is responsible for all costs involved in delivering the goods to a named place of destination and for clearing Customs in the country of import. Under a DDP INCOterm, the seller provides literally door-to-door delivery, including Customs clearance in the port of export and the port of destination. Thus the seller bears the entire risk of loss until goods are delivered to the buyer's premises. A DDP transaction will read "DDP named place of destination". For example, assuming goods imported through Baltimore are delivered to Silver Spring , the Incoterm would read "DDP, Silver Spring ". If CIF is the Customs valuation basis, the costs of unloading the vessel, clearing Customs, and delivery to the buyer's premises in the country of destination including inland insurance, must be deducted to arrive at the CIF value.
   
Deadfreight
  Slots paid for but not used.
   
Deadweight
  Abbreviation: DWT
  The total weight of cargo, cargo equipment, bunkers, provisions, water, stores and spare parts which a vessel can lift when loaded to her maximum draught as applicable under the circumstances. The dead-weight is expressed in tons.
   
Degroupage
  The ability, in a given time, of a resource measured in quality and quantity
  The quantity of goods which can be stored in or loaded into a warehouse, store and/or loaded into a means of transport at a particular time
   
Delivered Duty Paid (...named place of destination)
  Abbreviation: DDP
   
Delivered Duty Unpaid (...named place of destination)
  Abbreviation: DDU
   
Delivered Ex Quay (...named port of destination)
  Abbreviation: DEQ
   
Delivered Ex Ship(...named port of destination)
  Abbreviation: DES
   
Delivery Instruction
  Document issued by a buyer giving instructions regarding the details of the delivery of goods ordered.
   
Delivery Note
  A document recording the delivery of products to a consignee (customer).
   
Delivery Order
  A carrier's delivery order (negotiable document) is used for splitting a B/L (after surrender) in different parcels and have the same function as a B/L.
  The authorisation of the entitled party for the shipment to a party other than the consignee showed on the Air Waybill (air cargo)
   

Demurrage

  A variable fee charged to carriers and/or customers for the use of Unit Load Devices (ULD's) owned by a carrier beyond the free time of shipment
  Additional charge imposed for exceeding the free time, which is included in the rate and allowed for the use of certain equipment at the terminal
   
DEQ Delivered Ex-Quay)
  The seller (exporter) is responsible for all costs involved in transporting the goods to the wharf (quay) at the port of destination. The buyer must pay duties, clear Customs, and pay the cost/bear the risk of loss from that point forward. If FOB is the Customs valuation basis, the international insurance and freight costs, in addition to unloading costs, must be deducted from the DEQ price.
   
DES (Delivered Ex-Ship)
  The seller (exporter) is responsible for all costs involved in delivering the goods to a named port of destination. Upon arrival, the goods are made available to the buyer (importer) on-board the vessel. Therefore, the seller is responsible for all costs/risk of loss prior to unloading at the port of destination. The buyer (importer) must have the goods unloaded, pay duties, clear Customs and provide inland transportation & insurance to the final destination.
   
Despatch Advice
  Information send by shippers to the recipient of goods informing that specified goods are sent or ready to be sent advising the detailed contents of the consignment.
 
Destination
 
  • Place for which goods or a vehicle is bound
  •  
  • The ultimate stopping place according to the contract of carriage (air cargo)
  •    
    Detention
      Keeping equipment beyond the time allowed.
       
    Detention Charge
      Charges levied on usage of equipment exceeding free time period as stipulated in the pertinent inland rules and conditions.
       
    Devanning
      See Stripping, UnpackingDeviation from a Route
       
      A divergence from the agreed or customary route.
       
    Dimensions
      Measurements in length, width and height, regarding cargo.
       
    Direct Delivery
      The conveyance of goods directly from the vendor to the buyer. Frequently used if a third party acts as intermediary agent between vendor and buyer
      Direct discharge from vessel onto railroad car, road vehicle or barge with the purpose of immediate transport from the port area (usually occurs when ports lack adequate storage space or when ports are not equipped to handle a specific cargo)
       
    Direct Interchange
      Transfer of leased equipment from one lessee to another (container).
       
    Direct Route
      The shortest operated route between two points.
       
    Discharge
      The unloading of a vehicle, a vessel or an aircraft
      The landing of cargo
       
    Discrepancy
      Difference between the particulars given and the particulars found.
     
    Distribution Centre
      A warehouse for the receipt, the storage and the dispersal of goods among customers.
       
    Distribution Channel
      The route by which a company distributes goods.
     
    Door to Door Transport
      The transport of cargo from the premises of the consignor to the premises of the consignee.
    Note: In the United States the term 'Point to Point Transport' is used instead of the term 'Door to Door Transport', because the term 'house' may mean 'customs house' or 'brokers house', which are usually located in the port.
     
    Double Stack Train
      A number of railway wagons, usually a block train, on which containers can be stacked two- high.
     
    Draft
      The draft of a vessel is the vertical distance between the waterline and the underside of the keel of the vessel. During the construction of a vessel the marks showing the draft are welded on each side of the vessel near the stem, the stern and atext1ships.
       
    Drawback
      Repayment of any part of customs or excise duties previously collected on imported goods, when those goods are exported again.
     
    Drayage
      The hauling of a load by a cart with detachable sides (dray)
      Road transportation between the nearest railway terminal and the stuffing place
       
    Drop off Charge
      Charge made by container owner and/or terminal operators for delivery of a leased, or pool container into depot stock. The drop-off charge may be a combination of actual handling and storage charges with surcharges.
       
    Dunnage
      Stowage material, mainly timber or board, used to prevent damage to cargo during carriage.
       
    Duty Free Zone
      An area where goods or cargo can be stored without paying import customs duties awaiting further transport or manufacturing.
     
     
     
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