Shipping Glossary
COMMON SHIPPING TERMS
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Tallyman / Clerk
  person who records the number of cargo items together with the condition thereof at the time it is loaded into or discharged from a vessel.
   
Tank Container
  A tank, surrounded by a framework with the overall dimensions of a container for the transport of liquids or gasses in bulk.
   
Tanker
  A vessel designed for the carriage of liquid cargo in bulk.
   
Tare Weight of Container
  Mass of an empty container including all fittings and appliances associated with that particular type of container on its normal operating condition.
   
Tariff
  The schedule of rates, charges and related transport conditions.
   
Temperature Controlled Cargo
  Any cargo requiring carriage under controlled temperature.
   
Terminal
  A location on either end of a transportation line including servicing and handling facilities.
   
Terms of Delivery
  All the conditions agreed upon between trading partners regarding the delivery of goods and the related services.
   
  Note: Under normal circumstances the INCO terms are used to prevent any misunderstandings.
   
Terms of Freight
  All the conditions agreed upon between a carrier and a merchant about the type of freight and charges due to the carrier and whether these are prepaid or are to be collected.
   
  Note: The so-called Combi terms based on the INCO terms do make a distinction what of the freight and related costs is to be paid by the seller and what by the buyer. In the UN recommendation 23 a coding system is recommended to recognise the various items.
   
THC (Terminal Handling Charge)
  A charge for handling services performed at terminals.
   
Time Draft
  A draft that matures in a certain number of days, either from acceptance or the date of the draft.
   
TON
  Freight rates for liner cargo generally are quoted on the basis of a certain rate per ton, depending on the nature of the commodity. This ton, however, may be a weight ton or a measurement ton.
   
Ton-Deadweight
  The carrying capacity of the ship in terms of the weight in tons of the cargo, fuel, provisions, and passengers which a vessel can carry.
   
Tonnage
  Cubic capacity of a merchant vessel
  Total weight or amount of cargo expressed in tons
   
Tracking
  A system of recording movement intervals of shipments from origin to destination.
   
Tracing
  The action of retrieving information concerning the whereabouts of cargo, cargo items, consignments or equipment.
   
Track & Trace
  The pro-active tracking of the product along the supply chain, and the paper information flow relating to the order.
   
Tracking
  The function of maintaining status information, including current location, of cargo, cargo items, consignments or containers either full or empty.
   
Trailer
  A vehicle without motive power, designed for the carriage of cargo and to be towed by a motor vehicle.
   
Trailer on Flat Car
  Abbreviation: TOFC
  Carriage of piggyback highway trailers on specially equipped railway wagons.
   
Tramp Vessel
  A vessel not operating under a regular schedule.
   
Transhipment
  A shipment under one Bill of Lading, whereby sea (ocean) transport is 'broken' into two or more parts. The port where the sea (ocean) transport is 'broken' is the transhipment port
  Transfer of cargo from one means of transport to another for on-carriage during the course of one transport operation
  Customs: Customs procedure under which goods are transferred under customs control from the importing means of transport to the exporting means of transport within the area of one customs office which is the office of both importation and exportation
   
Transit Cargo
  Cargo between outwards customs clearance and inwards customs clearance
Cargo arriving at a point and departing there-from by the same through flight (air cargo)
   
Transport
  The assisted movement of people and or goods.
   
  Note: Transport is often used as a generic term for various means of transport, and is distinguished from 'movement' in that it requires such means.
   
Transport Document
  Document evidencing a contract of carriage between a shipowner and a consignor, such as bill of lading, seawaybill or a multimodal transport document. (IMO)
  See Shipping DocumentTwenty Foot Equivalent Unit
  Abbreviation: TEU
  Unit of measurement equivalent to one twenty foot container.
   
TEU
  A twenty-foot equivalent unit (6.1m). A standard unit for counting containers of various lengths and for describing container ship or terminal capacity. A standard 40' container (FEU) equals 2 TEUs.
   
Type of Cargo
  An indication of the sort of cargo to be transported, (e.g. Break Bulk, Containerised, RoRo).
   
Type of Movement
  Description of the service for movement of containers. 
   
  Note: The following type of movement can be indicated on B/L and Manifest all combinations of FCL and LCL and break bulk and RoRo. Whilst only on the manifest combinations of House, Yard and CFS can be mentioned.
   
Type of Packing
  Description of the packaging material used to wrap, contain and protect goods to be transported.
 
 
 
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